Sources and References

Sources and References in Appalachian Geology
~Peer reviewed journal articles and books~

Recent publications (2000-present)

Allen, J. S., Thomas, W. A., & Lavoie, D. (2009). Stratigraphy and structure of the Laurentian rifted margin in the northern Appalachians: A low-angle detachment rift system. Geology, 37(4), 335-338.

Anderson, E. D. (2011). Petrologic, Geochemical, and Geochronologic Constraints on the Tectonic Evolution of the Southern Appalachian Orogen, Blue Ridge Province of Western North Carolina.

Bailey, C. M., Francis, B. E., & Fahrney, E. E. (2004). Strain and vorticity analysis of transpressional high-strain zones from the Virginia Piedmont, USA.Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 224(1), 249-264.

Bayona, G., Thomas, W. A., & Van der Voo, R. (2003). Kinematics of thrust sheets within transverse zones: a structural and paleomagnetic investigation in the Appalachian thrust belt of Georgia and Alabama. Journal of Structural Geology, 25(8), 1193-1212.

Bell, T. H., & Newman, R. (2006). Appalachian orogenesis: the role of repeated gravitational collapse. Geological Society of America Special Papers, 414, 95-118.

Bream, B. R., Hatcher, R. D., Miller, C. F., & Fullagar, P. D. (2004). Detrital zircon ages and Nd isotopic data from the southern Appalachian crystalline core, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, and Tennessee: New provenance constraints for part of the Laurentian margin. Geological Society of America Memoirs, 197, 459-475.

Elmore, R. D., Kelley, J., Evans, M., & Lewchuk, M. T. (2001). Remagnetization and orogenic fluids: testing the hypothesis in the central Appalachians. Geophysical Journal International, 144(3), 568-576.

Engelder, T. (2004). Tectonic implications drawn from differences in the surface morphology on two joint sets in the Appalachian Valley and Ridge, Virginia.Geology, 32(5), 413-416.

Greb, S. F., & Dever, G. R. (2002). Critical evaluation of possible seismites: Examples from the Carboniferous of the Appalachian basin. SPECIAL PAPERS-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA, 109-126.

Hatcher Jr, R. D. (2005). Southern and central Appalachians. Encyclopedia of Geology: Oxford, UK, Elsevier, 4, 72-81.

Hatcher, R. D. (2010). The Appalachian orogen: A brief summary. Geological Society of America Memoirs, 206, 1-19.

Hatcher, R. D., Bream, B. R., Miller, C. F., Eckert, J. O., Fullagar, P. D., & Carrigan, C. W. (2004). Paleozoic structure of internal basement massifs, southern Appalachian Blue Ridge, incorporating new geochronologic, Nd and Sr isotopic, and geochemical data. Geological Society of America Memoirs, 197, 525-547.

Hatcher, R. D., & Merschat, A. J. (2006). The Appalachian Inner Piedmont: an exhumed strike-parallel, tectonically forced orogenic channel. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 268(1), 517-541.

Hibbard, J. (2000). Docking Carolina: mid-Paleozoic accretion in the southern Appalachians. Geology, 28(2), 127-130.

Hibbard, J. P., Stoddard, E. F., Secor, D. T., & Dennis, A. J. (2002). The Carolina Zone: overview of Neoproterozoic to Early Paleozoic peri-Gondwanan terranes along the eastern flank of the southern Appalachians. Earth-Science Reviews, 57(3), 299-339.

Hibbard, J. P., van Staal, C. R., & Miller, B. V. (2007). Links among Carolinia, Avalonia, and Ganderia in the Appalachian peri-Gondwanan realm. Geological Society of America Special Papers, 433, 291-311.

Hibbard, J. P., Van Staal, C. R., & Rankin, D. W. (2007). A comparative analysis of pre-Silurian crustal building blocks of the northern and the southern Appalachian orogen. American Journal of Science, 307(1), 23-45.

Hibbard, J., & Waldron, J. W. (2009). truncation and translation of Appalachian promontories: Mid-Paleozoic strike-slip tectonics and basin initiation. Geology,37(6), 487-490.

Hnat, J. S., & van der Pluijm, B. A. & van der Voo, R. (2012, November). Temporal constraints on deformation in the southern Appalachian fold-thrust belt, USA: insights from radiometric dating of fault rocks and paleomagnetism. In 2012 GSA Annual Meeting in Charlotte.

Hnat, J. S., & van der Pluijm, B. A. (2014). Fault gouge dating in the Southern Appalachians, USA. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 126(5-6), 639-651.

Merschat, A. J., Hatcher Jr, R. D., & Davis, T. L. (2005). The northern Inner Piedmont, southern Appalachians, USA: kinematics of transpression and SW-directed mid-crustal flow. Journal of Structural Geology, 27(7), 1252-1281.

Peacock, D. C. P., Knipe, R. J., & Sanderson, D. J. (2000). Glossary of normal faults. Journal of Structural Geology, 22(3), 291-305.

Pratt, T. L., Horton, J. W., Spears, D. B., Gilmer, A. K., & McNamara, D. E. (2014). The 2011 Virginia Mw 5.8 earthquake: Insights from seismic reflection imaging into the influence of older structures on eastern US seismicity.Geological Society of America Special Papers, 509, SPE509-16.

Solar, G. S., & Brown, M. (2001). Deformation partitioning during transpression in response to Early Devonian oblique convergence, northern Appalachian orogen, USA. Journal of Structural Geology, 23(6), 1043-1065.

Séjourné, S., Malo, M., Savard, M. M., & Kirkwood, D. (2005). Multiple origin and regional significance of bedding parallel veins in a fold and thrust belt: the example of a carbonate slice along the Appalachian structural front.Tectonophysics, 407(3), 189-209.

Spraggins, S. A., & Dunne, W. M. (2002). Deformation history of the Roanoke recess, Appalachians, USA. Journal of Structural Geology, 24(3), 411-433.

Smoot, J. P., & Southworth, S. (2014). Volcanic rift margin model for the rift-to-drift setting of the late Neoproterozoic-early Cambrian eastern margin of Laurentia: Chilhowee Group of the Appalachian Blue Ridge. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 126(1-2), 201-218.

Thomas, W. A. (2004). Genetic relationship of rift-stage crustal structure, terrane accretion, and foreland tectonics along the southern Appalachian-Ouachita orogen. Journal of Geodynamics, 37(3), 549-563.

van Staal, C. R., Whalen, J. B., Valverde-Vaquero, P., Zagorevski, A., & Rogers, N. (2009). Pre-Carboniferous, episodic accretion-related, orogenesis along the Laurentian margin of the northern Appalachians. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 327(1), 271-316.


Older publications (prior to 2000)

Bird, J. M., & Dewey, J. F. (1970). Lithosphere plate-continental margin tectonics and the evolution of the Appalachian orogen. Geological Society of America Bulletin,81(4), 1031-1060.

Bobyarchick, A. R. (1981). The eastern Piedmont fault system and its relationship to Alleghanian tectonics in the southern Appalachians. The Journal of Geology, 335-347.

Cook, F. A., Albaugh, D. S., Brown, L. D., Kaufman, S., Oliver, J. E., & Hatcher, R. D. (1979). Thin-skinned tectonics in the crystalline southern Appalachians; COCORP seismic-reflection profiling of the Blue Ridge and Piedmont. Geology,7(12), 563-567.

Dietrich, R. V., D Fullgar, P., & Bottino, M. L. (1969). K/Ar and Rb/Sr dating of tectonic events in the Appalachians of southwestern Virginia.Geological Society of America Bulletin, 80(2), 307-314.

Faill, R. T. (1997). A geologic history of the north-central Appalachians; Part 1, Orogenesis from the Mesoproterozoic through the Taconic Orogeny. American Journal of Science, 297(6), 551-619.

Faill, R. T. (1997). A geologic history of the north-central Appalachians; Part 2, The Appalachian basin from the Silurian through the Carboniferous. American Journal of Science, 297(7), 729-761.

Faill, R. T. (1998). A geologic history of the north-central Appalachians; Part 3, The Alleghany Orogeny. American Journal of Science, 298(2), 131-179.

Glover III, L., Speer, A., Russell, G. S., & Farrar, S. S. (1983). Ages of regional metamorphism and ductile deformation in the central and southern Appalachians.Lithos, 16(3), 223-245.

Harris, L. D., Harris, A. G., De Witt Jr, W., & Bayer, K. C. (1981). Evaluation of southern eastern overthrust belt beneath Blue Ridge-Piedmont thrust. AAPG Bulletin, 65(12), 2497-2505.

Hatcher, R.D. (1972). Developmental model for the southern Appalachians.Geological Society of America Bulletin, 83(9), 2735-2760.

Hatcher Jr, R. D. (1987). Tectonics of the southern and central Appalachian internides. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, 15, 337.

Kulander, B. R., & Dean, S. L. (1986). Structure and Tectonics of Central and Southern Appalachian Valley and Ridge and Plateau Provinces, West Virginian and Virginia. AAPG Bulletin, 70(11), 1674-1684.

Poag, C. W., & Sevon, W. D. (1989). A record of Appalachian denudation in postrift Mesozoic and Cenozoic sedimentary deposits of the US middle Atlantic continental margin. Geomorphology, 2(1), 119-157.

Su, Q., Goldberg, S. A., & Fullagar, P. D. (1994). Precise U? Pb zircon ages of Neoproterozoic plutons in the southern Appalachian Blue Ridge and their implications for the initial rifting of Laurentia. Precambrian Research, 68(1), 81-95.

peat: initial;">Thomas, M. D. (1983). Tectonic significance of paired gravity anomalies in the southern and central Appalachians. Geological Society of America Memoirs,158, 113-124.

Wehr, F., & Glover, L. (1985). stratigraphy and tectonics of the Virginia–North Carolina Blue Ridge: Evolution of a late Proterozoic–early Paleozoic hinge zone.Geological Society of America Bulletin, 96(3), 285-295.

Williams, H., & Hatcher, R. D. (1982). Suspect terranes and accretionary history of the Appalachian orogen. Geology, 10(10), 530-536.

~Internet Publications~
Berardelli, Phil , 2009. "The Mountains That Froze the World". Science magazine. AAAS. Retrieved 2014-12-02.

This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Geological Survey document: "Geology of the Great Smoky Mountains". Retrieved 2014-12-02.

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